Gynecomastia is a medical condition which affects men as it leads to the growth of large male breasts which is similar to that of females. It is caused due to an imbalance of hormones namely oestrogen and testosterone. The condition can affect one or both the breasts, sometimes the growth can be uneven. Anyone from newborns, to adolescents to older men can develop gynecomastia as a result of changes in the hormones. Usually, it is not a serious problem but it can be tough for the person to cope with it. Those suffering from this condition can experience pain in the breasts and may feel embarrassed due to it. It may go on it own, but if it does not one can take medication or undergo surgery.
What are the symptoms of gynecomastia?
When is the right time to see a doctor?
You must consult a doctor when you have swelling, pain, tenderness or experience nipple discharge in one or both breasts.
The doctor will ask questions about your medical history and health condition of blood relations. He will also do a physical examination which might include evaluation of breast tissue, and genitals. You may be advised to undergo blood tests, mammograms, CT scans, MRI, Tissue biopsy, and a testicular ultrasound.
Most gynecomastia conditions regress over time without any treatment. However, if the condition is caused due to malnutrition, hypogonadism or cirrhosis, it might need treatment. If the condition is caused due to medications, you are advised to stop using them.
Several medicines that are effective for the treatment of breast cancer have been found beneficial in treating gynecomastia.
Surgical procedures involved
If the condition has not healed with time or medications do not produce any results then a surgery is advised by the specialists. Following are the surgery options for this condition:
Liposuction: This surgery is beneficial in the removal of breast fat, but does not remove breast gland tissue.
Mastectomy: This surgery is beneficial in the removal of breast gland tissue. It is usually performed endoscopically which implies that only small incisions are made. As this is a less invasive surgery, hence the recovery time required is also minimal.
Other surgical procedures consist of liposuction assisted mastectomy, subcutaneous mastectomy, laser assisted liposuction and laser lipolysis.
Who is the right candidate for Gynecomastia surgery?
Anyone who has developed male breasts and for whom non-surgical procedures did not produce any results is the right candidate to undergo this surgery.
What are the effects of Gynecomastia surgery?
Reduced likelihood of the recurrence of this condition: The chances of redeveloping the condition after surgery are very rare, however, it cannot be guaranteed.
Gynecomastia surgery is the condition of swollen male breasts, though it does not have any serious medical implications, but can be embarrassing for the person. This condition may come and go on its own due to the hormonal changes, but if it does not it is the time to seek medical help. You can take medications or undergo surgeries.